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Thread: Google doodles

  1. #4051
    30 Jun 2017
    Assia Djebar’s 81st Birthday

    Many women achieve greatness, but few become “Immortal.” Assia Djebar was the first woman from the Maghreb to be given the "Immortal" title, as a member of the Académie Française.

    Born Fatima-Zohra Imalayene on this date in 1936, the Algerian novelist, translator, and filmmaker used the pen name Assia Djebar. She was the first Algerian woman to be admitted to the country’s top literary university, the Ecole Normale Superieure. Djebar published her first book at 21; by the time she was 30, she had written 4 novels in French. She quickly became one of North Africa's most influential writers.

    A feminist, Djebar wrote about women's independence and encouraged Algerian women to forge their own paths and find their unique voices. She believed that education was the key to giving women a voice in society, and in 1962 began teaching history at the University of Algiers. Her work inspired many women to express themselves freely.

    Today’s Doodle reflects a scene from the first chapter of Djebar’s novel Fantasia, in which she explores the history of Algeria through her experiences as a young girl.

  2. #4052
    1 Jul 2017
    Canada National Day 2017

    On July 1, 1867, the British North America Act was passed, uniting the three distinct colonies of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick. Originally called Dominion Day, Canada Day was not officially celebrated until its 50th anniversary in 1917.

    The diversity of those three distinct colonies was not lost or diminished. Canadians take great pride in their country’s multicultural, integrated, and inclusive citizenship. In recognition of these fundamental beliefs, Canada enacted the Multiculturalism Policy of Canada in 1971. The first of its kind in the world, this policy confirmed the rights of Aboriginal peoples and the status of Canada’s two official languages.

    Today’s Doodle depicts celebratory desserts that reflect the country’s vast regional and ethnic diversity by highlighting the 13 provinces and territories. Bonne Fête Canada! Indulge your sweet tooth with the delights depicted in the Doodle:

    • German krapfen
    • Chinese mooncake
    • Portuguese pasteis
    • Italian tiramisu
    • English jelly
    • French chocolate eclairs
    • Turkish delight
    • Spanish churros
    • Inuit bannock
    • Punjab jalebi
    • American doughnuts

  3. #4053
    1 July 2014
    Canada Day 2014

    One of the things Canadians are most proud of is that their country is a cultural mosaic, where people from different cultures live together but retain their strong ethnic identities. In the spirit of uniting countries for the World Cup games, we wanted to celebrate the cultural melting pot that is Canada.

    The doodle itself resembles a mosaic or patchwork quilt, with various walks of life represented through dress and textile patterns.

  4. #4054
    1 Jul 2014
    World Cup 2014 #46

  5. #4055
    5 Jul 2014
    Venezuela Independence Day 2014

    For Venezuelan Independence Day, we’re dining on hallacas, a traditional dish made of meat wrapped in cornmeal and then folded within plantain leaves.
    Last edited by 9A; 06-11-2021 at 04:53 PM.

  6. #4056
    14 Jul 2014
    Bastille Day 2014

    Illustrated by guest artist, Julie Adore.

    Below are Julie's thoughts on creating this year's Bastille Day doodle [in English]:

    Who am I?

    I come from Russia, but I am French at heart. I am a designer and my speciality is the crochet technique. I love France and Paris. I think blue, red and white are very chic and a timeless combination of colours.

    What Bastille Day means for me

    Bastille Day is, above all, a great celebration; tricolored flags, amazing fireworks close to the Eiffel tower and a lot of dancing in fire stations. [“Bal des pompiers” is how we call it.]

    First draft for the doodle

    Doodle Idea

    Although I found the idea of drawing attractive, I decided without hesitation to make the doodle using yarn and crochet. I imagined the letter 'L' to be a smiling Eiffel Tower. I found some inspiration from the stuffed Eiffel towers you can find in tourist shops around the monument. The fireworks and pompoms take on the colours of the French flags. For the letter 'O' I chose the “Cocarde,” a very graphic symbol of France and Bastille Day. To make a unified doodle, I also chose to sew the letters with blue, white and red threads. I thought with the GIF animation I could reproduce the atmosphere of celebration and fireworks.
    Last edited by 9A; 06-10-2021 at 03:13 PM.

  7. #4057
    15 Jul 2014
    Emmeline Pankhurst's 156th Birthday

    British political activist and women’s rights leader Emmeline Pankhurst leads the march in our homepage in the United Kingdom. Although she was criticized for her militant tactics, Pankhurst is widely recognized for her important role in achieving women’s suffrage. Listed as one of TIME Magazine’s 100 most important people of the 20th century, Pankhurst was described as someone who “shaped an idea of women for our time; she shook society into a new pattern from which there could be no going back."

  8. #4058
    15 July 2016
    Roger Raveel’s 95th birthday

    One of Belgium’s most revered painters in the period following World War II, Roger Raveel used white space to great effect. From the mid-20th century until the early 2000’s, Raveel created a body of work that extended beyond the canvas to include ceramics and installations. Drawing inspiration from the world around him, he returned to the same universal motifs, depicting everyday objects in vivid colors and contoured lines. Raveel’s playful, thought-provoking style evolved throughout his career, from abstract to figurative, and is often identified with the pop art movement.

    Born on July 15, 1921 in Machelen-aan-de-Leie, Belgium, today’s Doodle celebrates what would have been Raveel’s 95th birthday. His singular work is showcased at the Roger Raveel museum in his hometown, surrounded, of course, by plenty of white space.

  9. #4059
    14 Jul 2016
    Bastille Day 2016

    A year after revolutionaries stormed the Bastille in 1789, this historic event and all it represented, was remembered and celebrated in France as the Fête de la Fédération. It’s because of this that the French national anthem is La Marseillaise, and that the flag is colored blue, white, and red.

    Following the simple graphic style often seen in French newspaper illustration and echoing the style of Jean-Jacques Sempé, Doodler Helene Leroux aims for today’s Bastille Day Doodle to bring together the themes of Liberté, Unité, and Fraternité. It represents the importance of people coming together to celebrate togetherness and freedom on this most important of French holidays.

  10. #4060
    7 Jul 2016
    Nettie Stevens’ 155th birthday

    What are the genetics behind gender?

    This simple question drove the work of American geneticist Nettie Stevens. Building on research by Edmund Beecher Wilson and Thomas Hunt Morgan at Bryn Mawr, Stevens discovered the connection between chromosomes and physicality. Her breakthrough evolved into the XY sex-determination system, now taught in classrooms around the world.

  11. #4061
    13 September 2020
    Celebrating Terry Fox

    “I want to try the impossible to show it can be done.”—Terry Fox

    Today’s Doodle, illustrated by Toronto-based guest artist Lynn Scurfield, celebrates the Canadian athlete and humanitarian Terry Fox. After losing his leg to cancer, Fox embarked on the “Marathon of Hope”—a historic cross-Canada journey to raise awareness and money for cancer research.

    Born on July 28, 1958, in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Terry Fox was a natural competitor known for his commitment and fierce work ethic. In 1977, at the age of 18, Fox was diagnosed with bone cancer, resulting in the amputation of his right leg.

    During his months of treatment, he was deeply affected by the stories of the patients around him, igniting in him an urgent desire to end the suffering cancer causes. Refusing to allow his amputation to slow him down, Fox decided to run across Canada, raising much-needed research funding to find a cure for cancer.

    Three years following his diagnosis, on April 12, 1980, Fox humbly embarked on his “Marathon of Hope” in St. John’s, Newfoundland. Through biting winds and summer heat, he ran close to a marathon a day for over four months, an incredible 5,373 kilometres [approximately 3,339 miles] in all.

    Although a return of Fox’s cancer prevented him from completing the route, he achieved his goal of raising a dollar for every Canadian citizen, totaling over $24 million for cancer research.

    The first Terry Fox Run, held on this day in 1981, united 300,000 people across Canada to walk, run or cycle in Terry’s memory, and raised $3.5 million for cancer research. Today, the Terry Fox Run is held virtually in his honor, and has raised over $800 million since its inception.

    Thank you, Terry, for every step you took towards the cancer-free world you bravely envisioned.

  12. #4062
    7 Sept 2020
    Brazil Independence Day 2020

    Today’s Doodle commemorates Brazil’s Independence Day, known in Portuguese as the Sete de Setembro [7th of September] or Dia da Pátria [Nation Day], which has been a federal holiday since 1949.

    Feliz 7 de setembro, Brasil!

    The Independence of Brazil comprised a series of political and military events that occurred in 1821–1824, most of which involved disputes between Brazil and Portugal regarding the call for independence presented by the Brazilian Empire.

    It is celebrated on 7 September, the anniversary of the date in 1822 that prince regent Dom Pedro declared Brazil's independence from the former United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and Algarves. Formal recognition came with a treaty three years later, signed by the new Empire of Brazil and the Kingdom of Portugal in late 1825.
    Last edited by 9A; 06-10-2021 at 05:49 PM.

  13. #4063
    7 Sept 2020
    Kim Sowol’s 118th birthday

    Today’s Doodle, illustrated by guest artist Eusong Lee, honors the 118th birthday of Korean poet Kim Sowol, whose beloved 1922 lyric poem “The Azaleas” is widely considered a masterpiece of the form. Celebrated for his contributions to early modern Korean poetry, Sowol composed many poems in the familiar cadence of traditional Korean folk music, which added to the broad popularity of his work.

    Kim Sowol was born Kim Jeong-sik on this day in 1902 in present-day North Korea’s North Pyongan Province. As a teenager, Jeong-sik attended the esteemed Osan Middle School, where he became a lifelong protégé of the teacher and poet Kim Eok. In 1920, Jeong-sik published his first poems in a literary magazine, after which he assumed the pen-name Sowol, which translates into “White Moon.”

    While still a high school student in 1922, Sowol published his famous work “The Azaleas.” This melancholic poem of love and loss inspired the colorful burst of Azalea flowers that surrounds his portrait in today’s Doodle artwork.

    He went on to compose over 150 literary works and in 1925 published his sole collection of poems, also named “The Azaleas.” Sowol’s lifetime of heartfelt compositions cemented his legacy as one of Korea’s most treasured poets, and to this day many Koreans can recite his poems by heart. The annual Sowol Poetry Prize, established in 1987 in Kim Sowol’s honor, is considered one of the most prestigious awards in Korean poetry.

  14. #4064
    18 September 2017
    Chile National Day 2017

    On this date in 1810, the first Junta de Gobierno [Government Junta] was formed, and the Chilean people embarked on an eight-year-long struggle for independence from Spain.

    Many Chileans take advantage of the holidays and the good weather to travel and gather with friends and family. Kites fill the skies, and revelers dance the traditional cueca. Children and grown-ups alike might indulge in a sack race, fight to the top of a palo ensebado [greased pole], or even try a game of pillar el chancho, aiming to catch a very greasy pig!

    Today’s Doodle, by Chilean artist Paloma Valdivia, celebrates the country’s pride in its diverse people and its bountiful natural resources. Each element of the Doodle carries a special meaning:

    • The Mapuche [indigenous people] and the huaso [Chilean cowboys] represent Chile's diverse people.
    • The mountain represents the Andes Mountain range, which stretches along Chile’s eastern borders and is home to some of the world’s tallest peaks.
    • The little red boat signifies the special relationship Chileans share with the sea and its resources.
    • The cactus represents the north of Chile, home to the driest desert in the world, the Atacama.
    • The penguin represents Chile’s Antarctic territory, base to several Chilean and international research stations. Remote Easter Island is home to the moai, gigantic monoliths carved by the Rapa Nui people centuries ago.
    • The majestic condor [among the world’s heaviest flying birds] and the bright red copihue [Chile’s national flower] symbolize the country’s rich biodiversity.

    With so much to celebrate, we hope you'll join us in shouting a loud and happy ¡Feliz Dieciocho!
    Last edited by 9A; 06-10-2021 at 06:01 PM.

  15. #4065
    19 Sept 2017
    Amalia Hernandez’s 100th Birthday

    Today’s Doodle celebrates dancer and choreographer Amalia Hernandez. She founded the Ballet Folklorico de Mexico and used it to share Mexican culture with the world.

    Born in 1917, Hernandez developed a passion for performing and dance early in life. She became a choreographer at the Fine Arts National Institute, where she taught modern dance. She then turned her focus to traditional Mexican folk dances. She combined these dances with more choreographed movements from her formal training, helping to create an entirely new style of dance known as baile folklorico.

    In 1952, Hernandez founded the Ballet Folklorico de Mexico. Beginning with just eight dancers, the troupe grew to over three hundred in the years to follow. The company performed on television for the first time in 1954, after which they were featured in a weekly broadcast. This success allowed Amalia’s group to tour North America and even represent Mexico in the Pan American Games in 1959.

    The Ballet Folklorico de Mexico still performs to this day. Since its inception, the group has danced for more than 22 million people. Hernandez remained involved with the company until her death in 2000, working alongside her daughters and grandson.

    Happy 100th birthday to Amalia Hernandez, remembered as an ambassador of Mexican culture whose legacy lives on through the Ballet Folklorico.

  16. #4066
    23 Sept 2017
    Asima Chatterjee's 100th Birthday

    When Dr. Asima Chatterjee was growing up in Calcutta in the 1920s and 1930s, it was almost unheard of for a woman to study chemistry. But that didn't stop Chatterjee: she not only completed her undergraduate degree in organic chemistry, but she also went on to receive a Doctorate of Science — the first woman to do so in India!

    Dr. Chatterjee primarily studied the medicinal properties of plants native to India. Throughout her career, her research contributed to the development of drugs that treated epilepsy and malaria. Dr. Chatterjee's most noted contribution to the field, however, was her work on vinca alkaloids. Alkaloids are compounds made from plants, often to treat medical ailments. Vinca alkaloids, which come from the Madagascar periwinkle plant, are used today in chemotherapy treatment because they help slow down or stall the multiplying of cancer cells.

    Dr. Chatterjee's groundbreaking contributions to medicine were recognized by universities all over the world. She received numerous accolades from the Indian government, including some of the highest awards [like the Padma Bhushan] and an appointment to the upper house of Parliament!

    A firm believer in collaboration and teaching, Dr. Chatterjee also founded and led the department of chemistry at Lady Brabourne College. She started a research institute and mentored many of India's rising chemistry scholars.

    Today's Doodle pays homage to this trailblazer and her great accomplishments in the name of science.

  17. #4067
    23 Sept 2017
    Saudi Arabia National Day 2017

    The 23rd of September is celebrated in Saudi Arabia as National Day, commemorating the country’s unification by King Abdul Aziz Al Saud in 1932.

    Today’s Doodle showcases the kingdom’s rich cultural heritage through the lens of national dress. The white ‘thobe’ and black ‘abaya’ symbolize everyday Saudi life. But venture out a bit further and you’ll find treasures and color galore...

    Ceremonial attire in Hijaz in Western Saudi Arabia is white. Women embellish their robes with gold thread [zari], splashes of color adorn the men’s headpieces and belts.

    Al Ardha, the traditional Saudi sword dance, originates from Najd in central Saudi Arabia, and is performed by men in long embroidered overcoats called ‘dagla’. Women here decorate their clothes with colorful patchwork and beadwork, and wear tasseled face veils.

    People in the Southern regions of Jizan and Asir complement their geometrically patterned, multi-colored robes with bright floral headpieces.

    Weaving the kingdom’s history and customs into the threads of traditional dress is indeed a beautiful medium to preserve Saudi heritage for generations to come.

    Wishing Saudis everywhere a happy National Day!

  18. #4068
    26 Sept 2017
    Gloria E. Anzaldúa’s 75th Birthday

    For writer and scholar Gloria E. Anzaldúa, a border wasn't just a line on a map: it was a state of mind and a viewpoint on life. Born on this date in 1942 in the Rio Grande Valley, Anzaldúa possessed an astounding gift for transforming dividing lines into unifying visions.

    Growing up on ranches and farms in Texas-Mexico border towns, Anzaldúa developed a profound appreciation for the earth and its riches. She fell in love with art and writing as a way to capture the magic of the landscape around her. She also faced racism and isolation, but that didn't stop her from becoming a stellar scholar. After graduating from Pan American University in 1969, Anzaldúa taught migrant students, traveling with them to serve as a liaison with school boards.

    She realized early on that she lived in many worlds at once: she was both American and Mexican, both native and foreigner. "It's not a comfortable territory to live in, this place of contradictions," Anzaldúa noted. She understood that the way forward was not to choose a side, but to embrace a third place — a land of both, not either/or.

    Anzaldúa mapped this new frontier with her pen. Her most famous work, Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza, alternates between English and Spanish and includes a variety of forms — from poem to prose, from critique to confessional. This striking mix of voices and perspectives earned Borderlands a place on Literary Journal's list of best books of 1987.

    In 1977, she moved to California, where her writing soon became known in academic circles. Her theories had impact across disciplines, including Chicano/a Studies, Women's Studies, LGBT Studies, and Postcolonial Studies. She was awarded a posthumous Ph.D. in literature by the University of California Santa Cruz.

    Today's Doodle celebrates Anzaldúa's ability to live across borders, whether geographical, social, or philosophical. She put it best: "To survive the Borderlands / you must live sin fronteras / be a crossroads."
    Last edited by 9A; 06-10-2021 at 06:12 PM.

  19. #4069
    3 Oct 2017
    German Reunification Day 2017

    It began with the Peaceful Revolution. The movement started with prayers at churches around the country and spilled out into the streets. Following months of this, the Berlin Wall fell in November of 1989. Less than a year later in October of 1990, Germany became a unified nation again, after four decades of separation. Families were reunited, travel was reinstated, and the border that separated a people was dissolved.

    German Reunification Day is still a relatively young holiday! Today’s Doodle, by guest artist Andreas Preis, symbolizes the joyous reunion between East and West, as the characteristic cars continue down the road side by side.

  20. #4070
    3 Oct 2017
    Gerardo Murillo's [Dr. Atl] 142nd Birthday

    Today's Doodle celebrates "Dr. Atl," born Gerardo Murillo in Guadalajara in 1875.

    In a time of revolution and renaissance, Murillo greatly influenced Mexico’s political and cultural identity. He was an activist, artist, writer, journalist, and overall cultural leader.

    Murillo pioneered the idea of artistic nationalism. To show his pride in his Mexican heritage, he took on the name "Atl," meaning water in Náhuatl. He worked his entire life to promote Native Mexican culture, writing extensively on folk art, music, and dance.

    Murillo loved nature, and in volcanoes, he found his greatest inspiration. He frequently hiked to Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl, living and painting on the volcanic slopes for weeks at a time. In 1943, he witnessed the birth of Paricutín and documented the experience in his book Cómo nace y crece un volcán, el Paricutín [How a Volcano Is Born and Grows – Paricutín].

    For his contributions to the artistic and cultural heritage of Mexico, he was awarded the Belisario Domínguez Medal of Honor and the National Arts Award.

    Today’s Doodle, by artist Julian Ardila, depicts Murillo painting one of his beloved volcanoes.
    ¡Feliz Cumpleaños, Dr. Atl!

  21. #4071
    2 July 2018
    Athos Bulcão’s 100th Birthday

    Today’s Doodle is rendered in the style of one of Brazil’s great public artists, Athos Bulcão, who would have been 100 years old today. Born in Rio De Janeiro, Bulcão was trained as a doctor but fell in love with art. His change of career transformed the visual landscape of Brazil with his vibrant and colorful tile designs.

    Bulcão also designed album covers and book jackets, but is best known for his work on large-scale surfaces including hallways, auditoriums, and outdoor walls. He approached his work with an open mind and a playful spirit, unconcerned about having the last word. One of his trademark mosaic techniques involved creating a variety of abstract geometric tiles, then hiring construction teams to install them without any instructions.

    Working closely with Oscar Niemayer, the main architect of Brasília, and city planner Lucio Costa, Bulcão helped realize their vision of the city as a work of art unto itself. Built from the ground up in 1956, Brasília replaced Rio De Janeiro as the Brazil’s capital in 1960. Today it stands as a definitive example of “tropical modernism,” with Bulcão’s artwork integrated into many of the buildings and public areas.

    Later in life Bulcão infused Brazilian embassies, hospitals, theaters, schools, and homes with his vivid designs. His legacy lives on through the Fundação Athos Bulcão, created in Brasília in 1992 to document, preserve, and promote his work, as well as to facilitate education for young artists.

    Happy birthday Athos Bulcão! Feliz Aniversário!

  22. #4072
    5 October 2015
    Teacher's Day 2015 [Canada, Bulgaria, Estonia]

    “A true teacher is one who, keeping the past alive, is also able to understand the present” –Confucius
    Teachers are our mentors, friends, and catalysts. They’re the wild, eager sparks that can, with a word, set our passions ablaze. Not quite parents, they nevertheless raise us to be the very best versions of ourselves. And their impressions last lifetimes, as the lessons we’ve learned are passed down to others, like inheritances of wisdom. Today, let’s celebrate teachers, one of the noblest and most selfless of callings all across the world.

    Happy Teacher’s Day!

  23. #4073
    5 Oct 2015
    121st Anniversary of the first published timetable in Japan

    Today's doodle marks the 121st anniversary of the publication of the first Japanese railway timetable, the advent of time consciousness, and the beginning of efficient and reliable mass transit in Japan.

    To celebrate this achievement, we decided to create our own, unique schedule with invented names, destinations and times in homage to the humble train timetable. We wanted to reference as many traditional design elements, symbols and typographic styles as possible. To help out, we gathered as many "timetable geeks" as we could find in our Tokyo office. Our team of experts had many brainstorming sessions and came up with more ideas than we could possibly include in the final artwork. Hopefully fans of train timetables will enjoy all the small details we poured into our schedule.

    Happy exploring and safe travels!

  24. #4074
    2 Oct 2009
    Brazil Wins 2016 Olympics

    [Extra; from Wikipedia]

    Christ the Redeemer is an Art Deco statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, created by French sculptor Paul Landowski and built by Brazilian engineer Heitor da Silva Costa, in collaboration with French engineer Albert Caquot. Romanian sculptor Gheorghe Leonida fashioned the face. Constructed between 1922 and 1931, the statue is 30 metres [98 ft] high, excluding its 8-metre [26 ft] pedestal. The arms stretch 28 metres [92 ft] wide.

    The statue weighs 635 metric tons [625 long, 700 short tons], and is located at the peak of the 700-metre [2,300 ft] Corcovado mountain in the Tijuca Forest National Park overlooking the city of Rio de Janeiro. A symbol of Christianity across the world, the statue has also become a cultural icon of both Rio de Janeiro and Brazil, and was voted as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. It is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone.
    Last edited by 9A; 06-11-2021 at 07:23 AM.

  25. #4075
    7 Oct 2009
    Invention of the Bar Code

    [From Wikipedia]

    A barcode or bar code is a method of representing data in a visual, machine-readable form. Initially, barcodes represented data by varying the widths and spacings of parallel lines. These barcodes, now commonly referred to as linear or one-dimensional [1D], can be scanned by special optical scanners, called barcode readers, of which there are several types. Later, two-dimensional [2D] variants were developed, using rectangles, dots, hexagons and other patterns, called matrix codes or 2D barcodes, although they do not use bars as such. 2D barcodes can be read using purpose-built 2D optical scanners, which exist in a few different forms. 2D barcodes can also be read by a digital camera connected to a microcomputer running software that takes a photographic image of the barcode and analyzes the image to deconstruct and decode the 2D barcode. A mobile device with an inbuilt camera, such as smartphone, can function as the latter type of 2D barcode reader using specialized application software. [The same sort of mobile device could also read 1D barcodes, depending on the application software.]
    Last edited by 9A; 06-11-2021 at 07:27 AM.

  26. #4076
    9 October 2020
    Hangul Day 2020

    Today’s Doodle, illustrated by South Korea-based artist Jisu Choi, commemorates Korea’s Hangul Day . One of the world’s only official holidays dedicated to a writing system, Hangul Day celebrates the invention of Korea’s alphabet known as Hangul.

    The Hangul alphabet was first unveiled in 1446 by the Choson dynasty’s King Sejong. More than 500 years later, it is still considered a remarkable achievement, even by modern linguistic standards. The 24-letter alphabet remains the only writing system in the world that separates sentences into words, syllables, individual sounds, and elements of articulation like exhalation or voicing. Despite its sophisticated representation of complex spoken language, the writing system is noted for its elegance and simplicity; in fact, it’s said that a dedicated beginner could learn Hangul in just a few hours!

    Happy Hangul Day!

  27. #4077
    10 October 2020
    Celebrating Anton Wilhelm Amo

    Today’s Doodle, illustrated by Berlin-based guest artist Diana Ejaita, celebrates Ghanian-German philosopher, writer, and academic Anton Wilhelm Amo— widely credited as one of Europe’s first African-born university students and professors as well as one of the 18th century’s most notable Black philosophers. On this day in 1730, Amo received the equivalent of a doctorate in philosophy from Germany’s University of Wittenberg.

    Amo was born around 1703 near the town of Axim on Africa’s Gold Coast [now Ghana]. Though the circumstances of his relocation are unclear, Amo grew up in Amsterdam, where he was given the name Anton Wilhelm by the family he lived with. Amo began his university studies in 1727 and two years later completed his first dissertation: a legal and historical argument against European slavery.

    Amo published work across a variety of disciplines from philosophy to psychology and established himself as a renowned Enlightenment thinker. He went on to teach at a number of German universities, and also found time to master seven languages during his lifetime. An influential champion for the cause of abolition, Amo ultimately became embattled by racism and opposition to his beliefs. In 1747, he sailed back to present-day Ghana, where he remained for the rest of his life.

    In honor of Amo’s legacy, the Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg erected a statue in his likeness in 1965. In August 2020, Berlin announced plans to name a street after him in the city’s Mitte district.

  28. #4078
    10 Oct 2009
    Giuseppe Verdi's Birthday

    Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi was an Italian opera composer. He was born near Busseto to a provincial family of moderate means, and developed a musical education with the help of a local patron. Verdi came to dominate the Italian opera scene after the era of Gioachino Rossini, Gaetano Donizetti, and Vincenzo Bellini, whose works significantly influenced him.

  29. #4079
    13 Oct 2009
    150 Years Since Multatuli

    Eduard Douwes Dekker, better known by his pen name Multatuli [from Latin multa tulī, "I have suffered much"], was a Dutch writer best known for his satirical novel Max Havelaar [1860], which denounced the abuses of colonialism in the Dutch East Indies [today's Indonesia]. He is considered one of the Netherlands' greatest authors.
    Last edited by 9A; 06-11-2021 at 07:44 AM.

  30. #4080
    15 Oct 2009
    Mikhail Lermontov’s Birthday

    Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov was a Russian Romantic writer, poet and painter, sometimes called "the poet of the Caucasus", the most important Russian poet after Alexander Pushkin's death in 1837 and the greatest figure in Russian Romanticism. His influence on later Russian literature is still felt in modern times, not only through his poetry, but also through his prose, which founded the tradition of the Russian psychological novel.

  31. #4081
    21 Oct 2009
    Rampo Edogawa's Birthday

    Tarō Hirai, better known by the pseudonym Edogawa Ranpo, also romanized as Edogawa Rampo, was a Japanese author and critic who played a major role in the development of Japanese mystery fiction. Many of his novels involve the detective hero Kogoro Akechi, who in later books was the leader of a group of boy detectives known as the "Boy Detectives Club".

    Ranpo was an admirer of Western mystery writers, and especially of Edgar Allan Poe. His pen name is a rendering of Poe's name. Other authors who were special influences on him were Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, whom he attempted to translate into Japanese during his days as a student at Waseda University, and the Japanese mystery writer Ruikō Kuroiwa.

  32. #4082
    22 Oct 2009
    Mei Lanfang's Birthday

    Mei Lan, better known by his stage name Mei Lanfang, was a notable Peking opera artist in modern Chinese theater. Mei was known as "Queen of Peking Opera". Mei was exclusively known for his female lead roles and particularly his "verdant-robed girls" [qingyi], young or middle-aged women of grace and refinement. He was considered one of the "Four Great Dan", along with Shang Xiaoyun, Cheng Yanqiu, and Xun Huisheng.

  33. #4083
    26 Oct 2009
    Austrian National Day 2009

  34. #4084
    29 Oct 2009
    Asterix Comic's 50th Anniversary © 2009 Goscinny - Uderzo

    Asterix or The Adventures of Asterix is a French comic book series about Gaulish warriors, who have adventures and fight the Roman Republic during the era of Julius Caesar in an ahistorical telling of the time after the Gallic Wars. The series first appeared in the Franco-Belgian comic magazine Pilote on 29 October 1959. It was written by René Goscinny and illustrated by Albert Uderzo until Goscinny's death in 1977. Uderzo then took over the writing until 2009, when he sold the rights to publishing company Hachette; he died in 2020. In 2013, a new team consisting of Jean-Yves Ferri [script] and Didier Conrad [artwork] took over. As of 2019, 38 volumes have been released, with the most recent released in October 2019.

  35. #4085
    29 October 2014
    Niki de Saint Phalle's 84th Birthday

    Niki de Saint Phalle's “Nanas” are taking over our homepage for the French sculptress’s 84th birthday.

    Inspired by her pregnant friend, the “Nana” sculptures were de Saint Phalle’s artistic rendition of the everyday woman and became a symbol of femininity. After making her first “Nana” house—literally a gigantic figure that people could walk inside–de Saint Phalle described it as a “doll’s house for adults—just big enough to sit and dream in.”

    Happy 84th birthday to de Saint Phalle!

  36. #4086
    29 October 2014
    Shin Saimdang's 510th Birthday

    With a delicate touch, Korean artist and poet Shin Saimdang captivated audiences with her paintings of flowers, butterflies, and landscapes. In recognition of her contributions to Korean culture, Saimdang was selected to appear on the South Korean 50,000 won note, becoming the first woman to have the honor. Today we celebrate what would have been her 510th birthday.

  37. #4087
    30 Oct 2014
    Maria Izquierdo's 112th Birthday

    In Mexico, our doodle takes inspiration from Maria Izquierdo’s painting “Retrato de Belem” in honor of her 112th birthday. Izquierdo broke new ground when she became the first Mexican woman to have her artwork exhibited in the United States.

  38. #4088
    1 Nov 2014
    86th anniversary of the first radio calisthenics broadcast in Japan

    We wanted to pay homage to the long tradition of uniform composition and staging set forth by NHK [Japan’s national broadcasting station], so the idea of using real ‘calisthenists’ in a live-action video doodle seemed not only appropriate, but relevant. We began by referencing their instructional calisthenics videos as a visual starting point.

    After a long day of calisthenics, our actors pose for a group photo, with their own rendition of the letters, sans-costume.

    Posted by Kevin Laughlin, Doodler

  39. #4089
    1 November 2019
    Rugby World Cup 2019 Final

    Today’s Doodle celebrates the Rugby World Cup Final between England and South Africa, which kicks off today inside Japan’s largest stadium, the International Stadium Yokohama.

    After a culmination of five weeks of emotional Rugby World Cup play, today's matchup between the two top-ranked teams in the world is a historic honor for each. Meeting again in the final round of the Cup for the first time since 2007, only one team will return home the 2019 Champions! Who will it be?

    Best of luck to both teams!

  40. #4090
    1 November 2008
    1000 Years of The Tale of Genji

    The Tale of Genji is a classic work of Japanese literature written in the early 11th century by the noblewoman and lady-in-waiting Murasaki Shikibu. The original manuscript, created around the peak of the Heian period, no longer exists. It was made in "concertina" or orihon style: several sheets of paper pasted together and folded alternately in one direction then the other. The work is a unique depiction of the lifestyles of high courtiers during the Heian period. It is written in archaic language and a poetic yet confusing style that make it unreadable to the average Japanese speaker without specialized study. It was not until the early 20th century that Genji was translated into modern Japanese by the poet Akiko Yosano. The first English translation was attempted in 1882 but was of poor quality and incomplete.

    The work recounts the life of Hikaru Genji, or "Shining Genji", the son of an ancient Japanese emperor, known to readers as Emperor Kiritsubo, and a low-ranking concubine called Kiritsubo Consort. For political reasons, the emperor removes Genji from the line of succession, demoting him to a commoner by giving him the surname Minamoto, and he pursues a career as an imperial officer. The tale concentrates on Genji's romantic life and describes the customs of the aristocratic society of the time. It may be the world's first novel, the first modern novel, the first psychological novel, and the first novel still to be considered a classic.

  41. #4091
    22 Oct 2008
    50th Anniversary of Deltawerken

    The Delta Works [Dutch: Deltawerken] is a series of construction projects in the southwest of the Netherlands to protect a large area of land around the Rhine-Meuse-Scheldt delta from the sea. Constructed between 1954 and 1997, the works consist of dams, sluices, locks, dykes, levees, and storm surge barriers located in the provinces of South Holland and Zeeland.

    The aim of the dams, sluices, and storm surge barriers was to shorten the Dutch coastline, thus reducing the number of dikes that had to be raised. Along with the Zuiderzee Works, the Delta Works have been declared one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers.

  42. #4092
    20 Oct 2008
    Day of Trees 2008

    Last edited by 9A; 06-11-2021 at 02:26 PM.

  43. #4093
    20 October 2014
    Christopher Wren's 382nd Birthday

    It took 33 years to build St. Paul’s Cathedral in London but today, on our homepage in the U.K, it happens in a matter of seconds. Completed in 1720, the cathedral is considered to be English architect Christopher Wren’s magnum opus. But, with a portfolio featuring British landmarks like the Royal Observatory of Greenwich and Kensington Palace, Wren’s legacy stands tall throughout England. Happy 382nd birthday to Christopher Wren!

  44. #4094
    16 Oct 2008
    Queen Elizabeth II Visits Google London

  45. #4095
    4 December 2020
    Celebrating Noken Papua

    Today’s Doodle, illustrated by Depok-based guest artist Danu Fitra, celebrates Noken, the craft of traditional handmade bags that holds great cultural and socio-economic significance throughout Indonesia’s Papua and West Papua Provinces. In recent years the longevity of this staple of Papuan heritage has come under threat, but following its addition to UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage List in Need of Urgent Safeguarding on this day in 2012, great strides have been taken to secure Noken’s sustainability for future generations.

    Noken bags are typically made from materials like tree fibers, bark, or leaves, which are processed into strong threads and then knotted or woven together. This complex handcraft has been passed down through the generations and demands refined tactile skill, dedicated care, and no shortage of artistic vision. The end product is a durable and versatile bag commonly used to transport and store things like food or firewood, and even to carry small children or animals!

    Outside of its everyday use, Noken has traditionally fulfilled many social and economic purposes as well. For example, Noken serves as a symbol of cultural unification among more than 250 ethnic groups in the region; due to its value, it can be used as a type of savings; and it often plays a symbolic role in the peaceful resolution of disputes.

    Here’s to a timeless craft that’s inextricably woven into the fabric of Indonesian culture!

  46. #4096
    13 Oct 2008
    Paddington Bear's 50th Birthday

    Paddington Bear is a fictional character in children's literature. He first appeared on 13 October 1958 in the children's book A Bear Called Paddington and has been featured in more than twenty books written by British author Michael Bond and illustrated by Peggy Fortnum and other artists.

    The friendly bear from "darkest Peru"—with his old hat, battered suitcase, duffel coat and love of marmalade—has become a classic character from British children's literature. An anthropomorphised bear, Paddington is always polite – addressing people as "Mr", "Mrs" and "Miss", rarely by first names – and kindhearted, though he inflicts hard stares on those who incur his disapproval. He has an endless capacity for innocently getting into trouble, but he is known to "try so hard to get things right."

    He was discovered in London Paddington station, by the [human] Brown family who adopted him, and thus he gives his full name as "Paddington Brown" [his original Peruvian name being too hard for them to pronounce].

    As of June 2016, the Paddington Bear franchise was owned by Vivendi's StudioCanal. Bond, however, continued to own the publishing rights to his series, which was licensed to HarperCollins in April 2017.

    Paddington books have been translated into 30 languages across 70 titles and have sold more than 30 million copies worldwide. A much loved fictional character in the UK, a Paddington Bear soft toy was chosen by British tunnelers as the first item to pass through to their French counterparts when the two sides of the Channel Tunnel were linked in 1994. Paddington Bear has been adapted for television, films and appeared in commercials. The critically acclaimed and commercially successful films Paddington [2014] and Paddington 2 [2017] were both nominated for the BAFTA Award for Outstanding British Film.
    Last edited by 9A; 06-11-2021 at 03:12 PM.

  47. #4097
    30 Sept 2008
    Children's Day 2008 - Multiple Countries on Various Days

  48. #4098
    30 September 2016
    Andrejs Jurjans’s 160th birthday

    Today’s Doodle celebrates a man who, in many ways, carried Latvian music forward into the 20th century.

    As the country’s first professional composer and musicologist, Andrejs Jurjāns delved into the Latvian folk music of the past while taking the sounds of his homeland to new heights. Throughout his lifetime, he collected and analyzed thousands of folk melodies, organizing them into an anthology that was published across six volumes. He also composed the first-ever Latvian symphonic works, including an instrumental concerto and a cantata, and was well-known for his choir arrangements.

    When Jurjāns wasn’t crafting original pieces, he spent much of his time teaching. From 1882 — the year he finished his own schooling at the St. Petersburg Conservatory — to 1916, he shared his knowledge of music theory and more with students. Through his instruction, research, and composition, Jurjāns inspired many of the Latvian musicians who came after him. Today we pay tribute to that legacy on what would have been the composer’s 160th birthday.

  49. #4099
    23 Sept 2016
    358th Anniversary of Tea in the UK

    Tea drinking is a thoroughly British pastime, whether it’s a mug of steaming builder’s tea or a delicate cup and saucer served with cucumber sandwiches. It’s not known when the first cuppa was enjoyed in the UK, but we do know that the first advert for tea in England appeared on this date in a publication from 1658 describing it simply as a “China Drink.” A couple of years later, English Naval Administrator Samuel Pepys wrote about drinking tea in his diary entry from 1660.

    Chinese tea was reportedly drunk by Europeans as early as the 16th century, a trend spearheaded by Dutch and Portuguese traders. British coffee shops were selling tea in the 17th century, though drinking it was considered an expensive, upper-class privilege. By the 19th century, The East India Company was using fast ships called tea clippers to transport leaves from India and China to England’s docks. The Cutty Sark is the only surviving clipper of its kind and can still be visited in Greenwich.

    As tea became more readily available, dedicated tea shops began popping up throughout the UK, becoming favorite spots for daytime socialising. Tea was well on its way to becoming a British tradition.

    As today’s animated Doodle illustrates, tea cups come in all shapes, colors, and sizes. Whatever your favorite vessel may be, we hope you enjoy a cuppa or two of this enduring drink today.

  50. #4100
    23 September 2018
    Chuseok 2018

    Today is the Korean holiday Chuseok, celebrating the fall harvest moon. It’s one of the most important holidays on the calendar, an official day off work for the Asian peninsula nation. The days before and after Chuseok are also festive, creating a three-day holiday.

    Most Koreans use Chuseok to visit their hometowns and feast with their families, resulting in mass exoduses into the suburbs or country. Once there, families will honor their ancestors by weeding their grave sites, and preparing food for memorial services at home. The official food of Chuseok is songpyeon: rice cakes with subtle nutty flavors, steamed over pine needles. Songpyeon are historically made with that year’s new rice crop, utilizing the harvest. The rice cakes are part of the ancestral offering and the family’s feast.

    As depicted in our Doodle, many Koreans celebrate Chuseok in multigenerational groups while wearing traditional hanboks, color-blocked suits and high-waisted dresses. Hanboks are worn during important ceremonies and holidays in Korea and what could be more important than spending a special day with family.


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Ralph Terrana

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